This is a compendium of exercises that I like and described in depth.

I categorized this list into movement categories: push, pull, hinge and squat. All these movement categories emphasize different muscle groups. A well-rounded routine incorporates all categories.

Push

[Chest, Triceps, Front of Shoulders]

Push-up
Handstand Push-up
One-arm Push-up
L-Sit

Pull

[Lats, Upper Back, Biceps, Back of Shoulders]

Horizontal Rows
Pull-ups
Pull-up Alternatives
Advanced Pull-up Variations

Squat

[Quadriceps, Glutes]

Bodyweight Squat
Pistol Squat
Hover Lunges

Hinge

[Glutes, Hamstrings, Lower Back]

Bodyweight Leg-Curls
Single-leg Romanian Deadlift
Split-stance Deadlifts